Health and Medicine

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Health & Medicine

Ancient Medicine and the History of Medicine

BBC Bitesize: Ancient Medicine
Links to Prehistoric medicine, Egyptian medicine, Greek medicine & Roman medicine

BBC Bitesize: Modern Medicine
Links for 19th-century medicine, 20th-century medicine.

School History: Medicine through time
The History of Medicine through Time. Study the development of surgery, anatomical knowledge and the study of disease.

The Early Doctors

Who was Galen?


BBC Bitesize: The story of Galen in the Roman period

Galen lived in Rome, 500 years after the Hippocratic doctors. By treating the Emperor, he became one of the most famous doctors in Rome.


BBC Galen (c.130 AD – c.210 AD)

Galen was a physician, writer and philosopher who became the most famous doctor in the Roman Empire and whose theories dominated European medicine for 1,500 years.


Revise History: Ancient Roman Medicine – The Work of Galen
Video on the work of Galen.

Who was Hippocrates?


BBC Bitesize: Greek doctors

The ground-breaking teachings of Hippocrates were followed closely by the doctors of his time, and have influenced doctors from his day right up to the present.


GCSE History Wiki: About Hippocrates

Hippocrates was a Greek physician born in 460 BC on the island of Cos, Greece. He became known as the founder of medicine and was regarded as the greatest physician of his time.

 Andreas Vesalius


BBC: Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564)

Vesalius was a Flemish-born anatomist whose dissections of the human body helped to correct misconceptions dating from ancient times.


Science Museum: Andreas Vesalius (1514-64)

Vesalius showed that Galen was wrong on some points of human anatomy, and urged doctors to conduct systematic dissections of human corpses themselves.


Famous Scientists: Andreas Vesalius

Vesalius was an anatomy professor at the University of Padua and a physician to Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V.


Wikipedia: Andreas Vesalius

An anatomist, physician, and author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy.

Florence Nightingale

BBC Primary History: Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale went to the Crimean War to nurse wounded soldiers. She and her nurses saved many lives.

BBC Florence Nightingale: Saving lives with statistics
Florence Nightingale was so much more than a lady with a lamp. The legend of the saintly nurse has long obscured the truth – that her mathematical genius was what really saved so many lives.

The Florence Nightingale Museum
Visit the Florence Nightingale Museum, London, UK

Biography.com: Florence Nightingale Biography
Florence Nightingale, a nurse, spent her night rounds giving personal care to the wounded, establishing her image as the ‘Lady with the Lamp.’

Alexander Fleming

BBC: Alexander Fleming (1881-1955)
Fleming was a Scottish bacteriologist and Nobel Prize winner, best known for his discovery of penicillin

Biography.com: Alexander Fleming
Fleming discovered a bacteria-destroying mold which he would call penicillin in 1928, paving the way for the use of antibiotics in modern healthcare.

Famous Scientists: Alexander Fleming
Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin, whose use has saved untold millions of lives.

Horrible Histories – Medicine

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