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Romans for kids

The Romans facts

The Romans facts for kids KS2 learning at Primary School. Homework help with the history of Romans, the Roman Empire and places to visit in the UK where you can learn more about the Romans.

Time: 750BC - 500AD

How did the Romans begin?

The city of Rome started as just a small village called Tiber. More villages were built around the first and slowly it became a city. A city called Rome.

Rome was ruled by kings until the last king was driven out. The whole of Italy was then ruled by the Senate, a group of men who came from the most important families.

Cartoon RomansBitesize: Roman Empire
Find out what life was like in ancient Rome and in the army.
Primary Homework Help - The RomansWoodlands School
Facts about Romans. Everything explained who they were and their way of life, from the Roman army to Roman entertainment.
History on the Net - The RomansHistory on the net
This website covers a huge amount of information on the Romans. Topics include Roman society, food, clothing, housing, gladiators and more...

Who was Julius Caesar?

As the Romans became more powerful and took more land, the Senators started to argue how they should run the land. In 49BC a man called Julius Caesar came to Rome with his army and took power. Although he tried to make peace, the Senators thought he might become another king and not wanting that again, they killed him.

Who was the first emperor of Rome?

While the Senators still argued, Julius Caesar's great-nephew, Augustus, fought and won control of Rome. He became Rome's first emperor. Altogether, there were 147 Roman Emperors over the whole time the Roman Empire ruled.

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The Roman Army

Over the next 150 years, the Romans took control of even more land. They had a strong, well-organised army which could surround a whole city so no one could get out and then eventually, force their way in. Soldiers were very well trained and could march over 50km (30 miles) a day. Any healthy man who was aged between 17 and 46 had to join the army. They would then remain in the army for 25 years.

Places to see Romans

Roman bathsRoman Baths - Bath, UK
The baths were constructed around 70 AD as a grand bathing and socialising complex. It is now one of the best-preserved Roman remains in the world.

Roman facts

  • Romans were great engineers. They built everything from road, bridge and aqueducts (raised channels to carry water), to drains, sewers and the first-ever block of flats.
  • Public bath-houses were a great way for Romans to relax and meet friends. They had hot and cold swimming pools, sports facilities and offered massages and beauty treatment.
  • Before having a bath Romans would rub olive oil over there bodies and scrape it off with metal scrappers called strigils.
  • The Romans were the first to have underfloor heating. Hot air,  heated by a furnace and circulated through brick-lined pipes underneath the floor. 
  • Romans spent their time by eating, drinking, gambling, going to the theatre, chariot races or gladiator fights.


What is Hadrian's wall?

Hadrian's wall was ordered to be made by the Roman emperor Hadrian. It is 117 kilometres long and 4.5 metres high in places. Built-in the north of England, its main purpose was to keep out Celtic raiders.

How did the Roman Empire end?

Around 200AD, the Roman Empire started to fall apart with soldiers were choosing their own emperors and fighting among themselves. In 395AD, the Roman Empire became split permanently into two, East and West.

Then the city of Rome was attacked twice. A Visigoth chief called Odoacer made himself King of Italy and ended the Western Empire. The Eastern Empire continued for another thousand years.


Excavate game playExcavate Rome
Piece together the daily life of ancient Rome. Dig up the past and work out what Roman article you have found.

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