World War 1

World War 1 soldier in bunker

World War 1

World War 1 facts for kids learning KS2 at Primary School. Homework help about history of the Great War, how it ended and Remembrance Day.

Time: 28th July 1914 – 11th November 1918

World War 1 was also known as The Great War. It had more countries involved in the war than any other war. More than 65 million men fought in the war. Over 9 million soldiers were killed and 21 million men wounded.

So how did the war start? There was always problems with Britain, France and Russia on one side and Germany and Austria-Hungary on the other. But on 28the June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austrian throne) was shot by a Serbian student.

Obviously the Austrians were not happy and with Germanys help they attacked Serbia. Russia then stepped in to help Serbia and the two sides were at war.

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The German/Austrian side soon moved to northern France. Here the war didn’t move any further for four years. This was known as the Western Front.

By this time many countries were involved. With Germany and Austria-Hungary were Turkey and Bulgaria. And with Britain, France and Russia were Italy, Greece and Portugal. The war also extended with fighting in Africa and the Middle East.

German submarines sank any ship going to a British port. Some of the ships were American. This caused the Americans to join the war in 1917. This was now The Greatest War of all time.

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Horrible Histories - Frightful First World War


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The war ended when the Russians were exhausted by the war and make peace with Germany. Germany continued to attack on the Western Front but they were forced back and Germany surrendered on 11th November 1918. The war finally ended.

Every year on 11th November we wear poppies and remember the millions of people that fought in this war and all the others since. This is called remembrance day.

Remembrance Day

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