Mountains

Facts about mountains

Facts about mountains for kids learning in Primary School. KS1 & KS2 learning. Homework help on Mountains and Peaks for kids.

What is a mountain made out of?

5% of the earth's surface is covered by mountains. Mountains are made when two tectonic plates, that the earth's crust sits on, are pushed together and are both forced upwards. Think about pushing two bits of paper together. When the papers meet they push each other up as a result making a peak.

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Mountain Environments 

There are different types of weather as you move up a mountain. Temperature changes as you go higher. As you get higher the temperature decreases and it feels colder. This is because the air is thinner and can not store much heat. Few animals and people live higher up on the mountains as it is cold and windy.

On the more grassy, rocks below you may find mountain goats and sheep. People may also live here. Humans and animals have bigger lungs to help them breathe in the thin air. Life is very cut off here from the rest of the world, and many people have not mixed with other cultures. 

Even lower than this you will find what is called a tree line. This is where trees start to grow on the mountains because it is much warmer. Many more animals live here in the mountain forests.

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Oddizzi websiteOddizzi - The Himalayas
A case study of the Himalayas, life in the Himalayas and the animals that live there.

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What is the height of a mountain?

 The highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest reaching 8,848 meters above sea level. Most of the highest mountains in the world can be found in the Himalayas. The Himalayas are a mountain range in Asia and spread across five countries; Bhutan, India, Nepal, China, and Pakistan.

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