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Earth & Space Year 5 & 6

Earth and Space
Year 5 & 6

Earth and Space for kids in Year 5 & 6 explained. Learning in Key Stage 2 Science. Learn our solar system, galaxy and astronomy.

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What can you see in space from earth?

There are many things you can see travelling around us in space without having to have a telescope. All you need is a clear night when there are no clouds to block the view and a warm coat if it's cold. These are some of the things you can spot in the night sky.

Stars and planets

Astronomy is the study of the planets, stars and galaxies. Astronomers study the stars in the night sky. You can also see the stars and the patterns they make. These patterns are called constellations. Did you know that the stars don't just come out at night? The stars are still there during the day we just can't see them because the sunlight is too bright to see the dark space beyond.

sky at nightOnline Planetarium
Find out what you can see in the the sky tonight. Which planets and constellations are visible with star charts in your area.


A satellite is a name given to something that orbits (circles) a bigger object. The moon is a natural satellite as it orbits the Earth. Artificial satellites are put into orbit for a purpose.

In 2019 60 Starlink satellites were sent into space to orbit the Earth in order to improve internet connections all over the world. Further groups of these satellites are still being launched and when they do they can be seen flying across the sky close together. Over time they will drift further apart but you can still see them in the sky flying past one after another.

Starlink tracking websiteTrack Starlink Satellites
See where the Starlink satellites are over earth and when they will be flying over your part of the world.

International Space Station (ISS)

The International Space Station is a large spacecraft that orbits around the Earth like a satellite. It is home to the astronauts that work there. It is a science lab in space where astronauts carry out experiments in zero gravity.

Nasa logoWhat is the International Space Station?
NASA explains what ISS is and why it was built.

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The ISS orbits the Earth once every 90 minutes (1 and a half hours). So there are many chances to see the ISS fly past where you live. The space station looks like an airplane or a very bright star moving across the sky, except it doesn’t have flashing lights or change direction. It will also be moving considerably faster than a typical airplane. The space station doesn't fly over where you live every night, so you need to find out when it's next flying over from the website below.

ISS tracking websiteTrack the Space Station
Enter your location and find out when the International Space Station is going over.

Explore more of our solar system, galaxy and further into space.

Our Solar System

Sun, earth & moon factfileSun, Earth & Moon fact file

Facts and moving images to explain orbits, gravity and the movement of our earth and moon.

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Space and planets

Planets for KidsPlanets for Kids

Lots of information about our solar system with lots of questions and answers and games for you to play.
Bob the AlienBob The Alien

Let Bob the Alien give you a tour of the solar system.
Amazing SpaceAmazing Space

Discover the amazing space with stunning pictures and videos to blow your mind into orbit!
Discovery Kids - SpaceDiscovery Kids - Space

Answers to all sorts of space questions.
National Geographic - SpaceNational Geographic - Space
Space news facts and quizzes. How space travel affects your body and see earth from the Space Station.
Discover facts and information on the Solar System, Deep Space and Space exploration.
CBBC Newsround - SpaceBBC Bitesize - Space
Explore space, with its mysterious galaxies and black holes with these video clips
Nasa - Space PlaceNasa - Space Place
Explore fun space facts, videos and pictures. Play games, puzzles and quizzes.
Space KidsSpace Kids
Learn about space, kids information resource about space exploration.
Planet Size ComparisionPlanet Size Comparison
Compare the sizes of the planets, sun and moon.
Planet Size ComparisionUK Space Agency
Facts, videos and photos of our solar system.

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