Multiplication basics

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Multiplication gamesLearn how to multiply with step by step examples. Homework help for kids learning Maths in Key Stage 1 (KS1) in Primary School.

What is multiplication?

Multiplying is repeated addition. The sum 10 multiply by 4 can be written as:

10 x 4 = 4

It is also the same as:

10 + 10 + 10 + 10 = 40

Multiplication word problems
Work out these multiplication word problems using repeated addition.

Working out multiplication sums

Counting in tensTo work out a multiplication sum first find the number you can count in.

10 x 3


Lets count in tens as this is the easiest. Now count in tens using three fingers on your hand. What have we got to?
Yes, the answer is 30.

10 x 3 = 30


Multiplication words

You will hear words such as multiply or times. These both mean ‘x’. The sums below all mean the same thing.

2 multiply by 4 equals 8
2 times by 4 equals 8
2 x 4 = 8



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