Grammar Year 3 & 4

Grammar for Year 3 & Year 4 English, Key Stage 1 (KS2) at Primary School. Homework help with step by step guides on everything you need to know.


A simile is when we say something is like something else.

His fleece is white as snow.

The hedgehog was like a briskly brush.


When we put words together that start with the same sound it is called alliteration.

Sun, sand and surf!

Racing red wins the race.

Sizzling sausage sandwich.


Use pronouns in the place of nouns when you don’t want to repeat a noun. Look at this sentence below that just use nouns.

Bob went shopping. Bob brought apples and pears. Then Bob came home and ate the apples and pears.

Noticed how the noun Bob was repeated three times? And apples and pears were repeated? We can change these nouns for pronouns. The sentence now sounds better.

Bob went shopping. He brought apples and pears. Then he came home and ate them.

The pronoun he was used in the place of Bob and the pronoun them was used in the place of apples and pears.

Adverbial phrases

Commas are also used when you have adverbial phrases in a sentences. Let’s see what adverbial phrases are.

Write a simple sentence.

I played tennis.

Now add an adverbial phrase to the beginning of the sentence joining it with a comma.

On Saturday, I played tennis.

If you add an adverbial phase to the end of the sentence you do not use a comma.

I played tennis with James and Anna.

Adverbial phrases can also change the sentence completely.

Whilst in my bed, I played tennis.